Friday, October 28, 2011

Cornelia A. Brownlee (1887-1968)

Update (Oct. 13, 2013)
Cornelia Arnold Brownlee was born on February 8, 1887 (some sources say 1888), in Princeton, Indiana. According to public records, her father, Charles R. Brownlee, married Sallie G. Hall on June 18, 1874, in Gibson County, Indiana. By the time of the 1880 census, Brownlee was a widower and living with his mother-in-law, Catherine Hall, and her daughter, Mariah Hall. Charles Brownlee also had his two children, Paul S. and Therese Hall Brownlee, with him. Brownlee married Mariah Hall and from that marriage Cornelia Arnold Brownlee was born. Charles Brownlee's second wife died young, for on November 14, 1889, again in Gibson County, he married Charlotte Lockhart.

Cornelia Brownlee graduated from Princeton High School in the class of January 1905. She attended the Art Institute of Chicago, where she studied under John H. Vanderpoel (1857-1911). Cornelia also studied with Dudley Crafts Watson (1885-1972) and his sketching class in Paris and in Europe, and under a fellowship with the American Girl's Club in Paris. She was in Europe when war broke out in the summer of 1914. She arrived safely back in the United States on August 29, 1914. Cornelia traveled again to France and England in 1924 for her studies.

Cornelia Brownlee was living in Princeton and employed as an artist when the enumerator counted her in the 1910 U.S. census. By 1920, she was in New York City. She married Waldo Curyea Walker on August 27 of that year. Born in Oak Park, Illinois, Waldo C. Walker was an aviator in the U.S. Army Signal Corps during World War I, a newspaperman, and a writer of short stories. He later became circulation manager of the New York Times.

Cornelia Brownlee provided illustrations for Designer (Feb. 1921), Woman's Home Companion (Feb. 1924, Mar. 1927), and Collier's (July 23, 1927). Unfortunately I don't have any images to show. By the 1930 census she was living in Manhattan with her husband and still working as an artist. Nineteen forty found her in Putnam County, New York, above New York City. Waldo C. Walker died on September 8, 1961, in Carmel, New York. His wife survived him by nearly seven years. She died in Fairhope, Alabama, on February 25, 1968, at age eighty-one (or eighty) and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

Notes: Cornelia Arnold Brownlee Walker should not be confused with Cornelia Brownlee (ca. 1879-1933) of Marion, Indiana. That Cornelia Brownlee was a music teacher.

Thanks to the commenters below for their information.

Original Article

The case of Cornelia Brownlee presents a mystery. There were at least two Indiana-born women--near contemporaries--who shared that name. One Cornelia Brownlee was born in 1887 in Princteon, Indiana, daughter of Charles and Charlotte Brownlee. She graduated from Princeton High School in 1905 and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago under the renowned teacher John H. Vanderpoel. She also went to Europe with Dudley Crafts Watson and under a fellowship from the American Girl's Club in Paris. In 1910, she was living in Princeton and employed as an artist. By the early 1920s, Cornelia was working as an illustrator for magazines such as Collier's, Designer, and Woman's Home Companion.

The other Cornelia Brownlee was born in Indiana in about 1879, perhaps in Marion. Her parents were John Q. and Frances Brownlee. She studied at the Strassburger Conservatory of Music in St. Louis and under W.H. Slierwood in Chicago and Rafael Joseffy in New York. In 1900, she was enumerated in the census while living in Crowley, Louisiana, and teaching music. This Cornelia Brownlee appears to have toured on the Chautauqua circuit during the 1910s. She was also head of the Illinois Wesleyan University music department from 1918 until an unknown date. From 1926 until 1933, Cornelia Brownlee taught music at LaGrange Female College in LaGrange, Georgia. On the night of November 15, 1933, she was traveling to Atlanta with some students when the car in which she was riding was involved in an accident. Cornelia Brownlee was thrown from the vehicle and killed. Seven students were injured. Her body was sent to her sister, Catherine W. (Mrs. William) Boynton, in Alton, Illinois.

I have also found a record for a Cornelia Brownlee who married Waldo C. Walker, a circulation manager for the New York Times. He passed away in 1961. Cornelia Brownlee Walker died in Alabama in 1968. The mystery remains. It's evident that Cornelia Brownlee the illustrator and Cornelia Brownlee the music teacher were two different women. But was Cornelia Brownlee the illustrator the same woman who married Waldo C. Walker? A second mystery: where is Cornelia Brownlee's art? I haven't been able to find any images of her work. I hope someone can offer a solution to the mystery.

Thanks to Jacqueline Hornsby, LaGrange College, and Clark Johnson, Troup County Historian, for information on Cornelia Brownlee.

Revised July 22, 2018 Copyright 2011 Terence E. Hanley

Saturday, October 8, 2011

Oscar L. Davidson (1875-1922)

Oscar L. Davidson was born on March 2, 1875, in either Ogden or Fithian, Illinois, but lived in Indianapolis for more than half his life. He was known as a woodcarver and illustrator of historic ships. In the eleven years prior to his death, he operated a commercial art business with his oldest son Austin. Davidson was a member of the Society of Indiana Artists, Indiana Illustrators Club, and Art Association of Indianapolis. He died at home in Indianapolis on January 3, 1922, and was buried at Crown Hill Cemetery.

Update (July 14, 2014): I received this image of a painting by Oscar L. Davidson from an anonymous reader. This reader believes the medium to be gouache. The date is unknown, but it appears to have been from the early 1900s, perhaps around 1910 to 1920. Note the reworked portion of the picture in the upper left. Thank you, Anonymous. 

Text and captions copyright 2014 Terence E. Hanley

Saturday, October 1, 2011

Clare Robin Zimmer (1889-1982)

Clare Robin Zimmer was born on October 2, 1889, in Elkhart, Indiana, and studied at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. As a young man, he worked as shoe store clerk in his hometown. Zimmer married in 1913, also in Elkhart. By 1917, he had two small children and was working as a commercial artist for Lammers Engraving Company in Cincinnati. Zimmer also lived and worked in Dayton, Ohio, in the same field. His son, Robert Clare Zimmer (1917-2006), was an engineer and professional soldier. The elder Zimmer died on February 28, 1982, in Florida. I know nothing more about him or his work and lack even an image for this posting. If anyone runs across something more on Robin Clare Zimmer, I would like to hear about it.

Copyright 2011 Terence E. Hanley